## Thursdays' whiteboard challenge

What's the most likely score when you roll two dice? Do you know, and do you know why? What's the second most likely score? The third?

If you were gambling and someone said pick any number except seven, and if that comes up I'll double your money, what number would you pick?

When it comes to rolling two dice there are more chances of a seven being rolled than a two. Have you ever explored why this is so? The ramifications are possibly greater than you realized.

Have a go at this challenge with your learners.  Although its not that exciting, it will set you and them up for the next challenge which is well worth it. This and the next have the potential to really shift your learners mathematical thinking - in terms of thinking like a mathematician.

### The challenge

Play a little gambling game with lollies or match sticks.  Take two dice, pick a number each, and play at least 50 rounds. Track which numbers come up the most using tally points.  I.e over 50 throws the 6 came up 17 times etc.

Here's a good game to play with the above. Everybody bets a lolly or matchstick each round.  If a seven, a five or an eight is rolled they lose all their lollies (modify this to just a 7 if you want). Each round they stay in they win one extra lolly. They can retire at any time and cash out their lollies. The longer they stay the greater the risk. There are lots of different ways to play.

Click here for another good game that's fun, quick, and easy to play.

Next activity
Work out if you are rolling two dice, how many ways each score can be rolled.  For example, how many ways can a three be rolled? It can be rolled only two ways: 1+2 =3, 2+1= 3.  How many ways can a five be rolled? 1+4 =5, 2+3=5, 3+2=5, 4+1=5, so four ways - twice as many as a 3 (so which would you bet on?)

Rank the possible scores in order of highest chance to the lowest chance.

To get you started:
A twelve can be rolled in only 1 way
An eleven can be rolled in ______ ways
A ten ...
A nine ...
An eight ...
A seven can be rolled in 6 different ways
A six ...
A five ...
A four ...
A three ...
A two can be rolled in only 1 way.

If you want to you can extend this by asking your learners to identify the chance of each being rolled. Check this video out and see if you can apply it to the two dice scenario.